Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences

Module Information
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BGZ2025  - Use It or Lose It

Period 5: from 8-4-2024 to 7-6-2024
Coordinator: Bongers, B.
ECTS credits: 10
Language of instruction: English

Publication dates timetable/results in the Student Portal

Deadline publication timetable
The date on which the timetable of this module is available: 22-3-2024

Deadline publication final result
The date on which the final grade of this module is available: 23-6-2024

Resit booking

Exam booking for a test in current academic year (resit)
You will be booked automatically for the resit in one of our resit periods. You may check our calenders to find out which modules can be retaken and when: https://intranet.maastrichtuniversity.nl/nl/fhml-studenten/studieverloop/wanneer-wat
As of one week before the resit test takes place, you can check in Student Portal if you are booked correctly: Student Portal > My Courses > More actions. The test will also be visible in your time table.

Exam booking for a test from a previous academic year (exam only)
All students who have not passed the test for this module in a previous academic year, will be booked automatically for the test during the regular block period. You will be enrolled in the new course in Canvas but not scheduled for a tutorial group and other educational activities. If you do not wish to participate in this test at the end of the regular block period please de-register via askFHML.

Resit date: 12-7-2024

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Course information

Description: EN:


Key topics of the module


In this module the two key topics are the musculoskeletal system and the relationship between physical (in)activity and health.


Musculoskeletal system

This module will focus on basic anatomy, histology, physiology and function of muscles, bone and joints. The main topics that will be addressed include structure and function of muscles, bone and joints as well as their cooperation in movements and the different types of contraction (concentric, eccentric and isometric). Muscle metabolism including energy production and substrate utilisation, and neuromuscular and hormonal control will also be subject of this module. This will serve as a stepping stone to exercise physiology and collaboration of different body systems in physical activity and sport. The relationship between the cardiovascular, pulmonary and musculoskeletal systems will be elucidated, with particular focus on the integration towards physical activity and exercise training


Physical (in)activity and health

In this part of the module the relationship between physical activity and health will be elucidated. The importance of physical activity for (maintenance of) health status of healthy people as well as for those who are at risk for developing disease conditions (e.g. overweight, high body mass index, disturbed glucose metabolism, hypertension etcetera) will be addressed. A number of disease conditions that are beneficially affected by physical activity will be addressed in this module, with emphasis on the patho-physiological processes how physical activity and exercise training influence these disease conditions.

For a better understanding of the aforementioned issues exercise physiology will be taught thoroughly, both the acute response during exercise but also the adaptation to regular physical training. Moreover, the translation of training adaptations to health improvement will be part of the module.


Much attention will be paid to norms and guidelines for recommended quantities and qualities of physical activity and fitness. Several measurement methods, including calorimetry, pedometers, questionnaires, dairies will be assessed on their validity and reliability. We will go into the recommendations on physical activity for improvement and maintenance of health and fitness. It is of importance to know what kinds of physical activity intervention programs are available, but also to assess how valid the effectiveness of these programs is. And do they yield what they claim?

Going more in depth on physical activity in this module substrate and energy utilisation will be discussed and assessed practically.


From a policy point of view it is important to learn about epidemiologic data on physical activity and sports participation behaviour of Western populations, particular of the Dutch. How did this develop through the last century and which factors influence this behaviour. We will go into the impact of alterations of physical activity and sports participation on morbidity and mortality risks as well as on experienced physical and mental health. The students will obtain insight in epidemiological data on physical activity and sports participation data. Also, in this module the determinants of life style behaviour alterations will be studied. Finally, substrate and energy utilisation in rest and during physical activity, both in theory and practice, will be addressed.



Goals: EN:
OBJECTIVES a.       Knowledge and insight The student will obtain knowledge of and insight in: §  Anatomy, histology and physiology of muscles and skeleton §  Exercise physiology and energy metabolism §  Performance (endurance, strength, speed, flexibility, coordination) §  Training and adaptation (muscles, skeleton, metabolism) §  The relationship between (excessive) physical (in-)activity, health and health risks §  Determinants of physical activity and fitness for susceptibility of diseases §  (Interpretation of) descriptive data of the relationship between physical activity and health §  Basic principles of substrate and energy utilisation §  Basic principles of physical activity measurements §  Basic principles of performance measurements (endurance, strength, speed, flexibility, coordination) §  Validity and reliability of measuring substrate and energy utilisation, physical activity and performance   b.      Application of knowledge and insight After completion of this module the student will be able to: §  Apply the relationship between the musculoskeletal system and movements/physical activity §  Translate the contribution of the musculoskeletal system and physical activity to health status §  Interpret statistical data about health and disease and indicate which factors and action are important to influence these data §  apply the recommendations of physical activity and exercise training in prevention and rehabilitation of chronic disease conditions §  provide information about the value of different determinants of health §  provide information about the recommended physical activity for improving health and fitness   c.       Judgement After completion of this module the student should have developed a critical attitude towards: §  The contribution of physical (in)activity for health status and maintenance §  The recommendations of physical activity and exercise training for health status and maintenance §  The recommendations §  The validity and reliability of the various measurement tools to assess quantity and quality of physical activity   d.      Communication After this module the student will be able to: §  Adequately report the execution of a practical assignment §  Adequately report the results of practical assignments §  Adequately report to and inform others about the recommended quality and quantity of physical activity for health status and maintenance §  Discuss on a scientific level about the results of a practical assignment   e.      Skills The student will be able to: §  Measure energy utilisation in rest §  Interpret basically the measurement of energy utilisation during exercise §  Assess the validity and reliability of the various measurement methods §  Assess the usefulness of these measurements §  Measure physical activity of a person via various measurement tools §  Interpret the physical activity measurements via various measurement tools adequately
Key words: EN:
Musculoskeletal - physical (in)activity - exercise - training - exercise physiology - chronic disease - health - fitness
Literature: This is the link to Keylinks, our online reference list.  
Teaching methods:
  • Assignment(s)
  • Work in workgroup(s)
  • Lecture(s)
  • Problem Based Learning
  • Presentation(s)
  • Skills
  • Training(s)
  • Working visit(s)
Assessments methods:
  • Assignment
  • Attendance
  • Participaion
  • Presentation
  • Written exam

This page was last modified on:24-3-2022
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